The island state Sri Lanka is a democratic socialist republic and is located in the Indian Ocean, 237 kilometers eastern of the southern point of the Indian subcontinent. The island state counts approximately 20.3 million inhabitants and has a surface of 65,610 square meters. Sri Lanka has always been located particularly favorable for trade routes and seafaring between the Middle East and South-East Asia.
The destination is known for the production and the export of tea, coffee, India rubber and coconuts.
Sri Lanka, which was known as Ceylon until 1972, was colonized in the 16th century first from the Portuguese and then the Dutch. In 1815, Sri Lanke got under the rule of the British Empire before it became independent in 1948 after peaceful negotiation
What to experience in Sri Lanka
Thanks to its regional beauty and rich cultural heritage, Sri Lanka is a very popular tourism destination. The island state impresses with stunning diversity - nationalparks, beaches, fascinating biodiversity and eight world heritage sites maintained by the state, whereof six are cultural sites and two natural sites. Visit the stunning Pidurangala Rock in Sigiriya, stroll through the Royal Botanical Gardens in Peradeniya or take a look at the cave temple of Dambulla. Next to religious landmarks such as the rock-cut Buddha figures of Buduruwagala and impressive historic monuments, such as the Yapahuwa Rock Fortress, stunning nature and impressive National Parks will take your breath away. The biggest centre of attraction of the multi religious and multi ethical Sri Lanka is the cultural triangle Kandy-Anuradhapura-Polonnsruwa.